Copyright notice This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License, which permits unrestricted reproduction and distribution, for non-commercial purposes only; and use and reproduction, but not distribution, of adapted material for non-commercial purposes only, provided the original work is properly cited. No data exists to date about Ramadan adherence and behavior in Germany.
Methods The Mainz Study of Ramadan and Pregnancy surveyed pregnant Muslims and new Muslim mothers in Mainz between October and January and collected information on Ramadan adherence and behavior. We also collected data on personal characteristics and opinions, to identify determinants of fasting using statistical analysis. Women who fasted were significantly younger and less educated.
There was no significant difference in terms of country of origin between those women who fasted and those who did not. Conclusion To ensure that pregnant Muslim women living in Ramadan frauen treffen can make their fasting decision based on objective information, it is necessary to raise awareness about Ramadan fasting during pregnancy among medical professionals in Germany.
- So feiern Europäische Muslime den Ramadan:
И вот тогда меня осенило.
- Perfekt für kennenlernen
- Mark owen first single
- Single meine stadt apolda
- Mit kind mann kennenlernen
- lrc1875.de / Ramadan - 25 Fragen - Antworten /
Key words: Ramadan, fasting, prenatal care, gynecology, epidemiology Zusammenfassung Einleitung Ramadan während der Schwangerschaft ist mit negativen Folgen für die physische und kognitive Gesundheit der Nachkommen verbunden. Obwohl die meisten Muslime ramadan frauen treffen, dass Ramadan-Fasten während der Schwangerschaft nicht verpflichtend ist, fastet in vielen Ländern ein erheblicher Teil der schwangeren Muslimas.
Für Deutschland liegen bislang keine Daten zum Fasten- und allgemeinen Ramadanverhalten schwangerer Muslimas vor. Methodik Im Rahmen der Mainzer Umfragestudie zu Ramadan während der Schwangerschaft wurden zwischen Oktober und Januar schwangere und frisch entbundene Muslimas zu ihrem Ramadanverhalten befragt.
Auch persönliche Daten und Meinungen der Frauen wurden erhoben, um Bestimmungsfaktoren für die Fastenentscheidung anhand statistischer Analysen identifizieren zu können. Fastende Frauen waren signifikant jünger und wiesen einen niedrigeren Bildungsstand auf. Einen Unterschied im Fastenverhalten partnersuche vorlage der Migrationsgeneration gab es nicht.
Fazit Schwangere Muslimas in Deutschland sollten Ramadan frauen treffen zu objektiven Informationen erhalten, auf Basis derer sie ihre Fastenentscheidung treffen können. Hierfür ist eine Sensibilisierung des Fachpersonals zu Ramadan in der Schwangerschaft unabdingbar. Increased risks for symptoms indicative of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease 1 as well as lower BMI in adulthood 2 have been reported.
- So feiern Europäische Muslime den Ramadan: viel mehr als fasten ~ Salam Plan
- Warum fasten die Muslime?
- Steinbock mann beim flirten
- Mai bis
- Dürfen Mann und Frau sich alleine treffen?
Negative effects on cognitive health outcomes such as lower performance in schools 345 and negative effects on labor market participation 5 have also been identified. Due to these negative health effects on the offspring, it is important that medical personnel who interact with pregnant Muslim women are sensitized to the customs and behavior ramadan frauen treffen Ramadan.
The negative health weihnachten single wien of prenatal Ramadan exposure are generally attributed to maternal fasting during pregnancy.
Ramadan lasts 29 — 30 days and requires the abstinence from food and drink during daylight hours. Among pregnant women who adhere to this diurnal fasting, low serum levels of glucose and alanine as well as elevated levels of free fatty acids have been found 789. Due to the lack of metabolic fuel and the accompanying changes to hormone levels in the blood, negative health effects are expected in ramadan frauen treffen offspring.
Reisen im Ramadan - Wirtschaft - Tagesspiegel
This can be placed into a broader literature of fetal programming, which has shown that impaired in utero growth due to malnutrition increases the risk of chronic diseases in adulthood 12 Whether or not pregnant women should fast during Ramadan depends on the interpretation of the Quran, though studies in various countries generally find that a considerable percentage of women fast.
As immigrant and Muslim populations differ across European countries, studies on Ramadan fasting practices during pregnancy in some countries do not allow inference to be made ramadan frauen treffen other countries.
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- Ramadan Observance during Pregnancy in Germany: a Challenge for Prenatal Care
- Gratis Chat Deutschland Meer, Ramadan Frauen Treffen
No data exists to date for Ramadan adherence and behavior in Germany. To fill this gap, the Mainz Study of Ramadan and Pregnancy was conducted in obstetric ramadan frauen treffen in Mainz Germany to collect data on the fasting behavior of pregnant Muslim women. The study offers insights about which women in Germany decide to fast and why.
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We also investigated behavioral changes, ramadan frauen treffen as changes in the types of foods women consumed even ramadan frauen treffen those days when they did not fast. Our goal is to contribute to the development of patient information services related to Ramadan fasting during pregnancy for Muslims living in Germany.
Materials and Methods Data acquisition A survey was conducted among pregnant Muslims and new Muslim mothers in both obstetric wards in Mainz between October and January In Germany, almost all women give birth in hospital As women ramadan frauen treffen Germany usually stay in hospital for 2 — 3 ramadan frauen treffen after giving birth 19the interviews were held on three days per week in order to approach most of the relevant population.
All Muslim women were asked to participate, whether or not they fasted during Ramadan. In addition to asking women about their fasting decision and the number of days they fasted, the questionnaire included questions on nutritional changes during Ramadan, even on those days on which women did not fast.
Ramadan: Zeiten, Regeln und Bräuche des islamischen Fastenmonats
We also inquired about the reasons why women decided to fast or not to fast. Lastly, personal details were collected, including the country of origin and the amount of time spent in Germany. This last question is of particular interest to identify recent refugees, who might differ from Muslims born or raised in Germany in terms of their religious traditions and beliefs.
For this purpose, two research assistants, who spoke Arabic and Turkish in addition to German, were hired and trained to conduct the interviews.
Before the interview, all participants were asked to sign an informed consent and after the interview, all data were pseudonymized. Statistical analysis Statistical analysis was used to investigate whether there are differences between women who fasted and women who did not fast during Ramadan.
Stata 15 was used for all statistical analyses. The main reasons for not being able to approach all of the women were language barriers ramadan frauen treffen if women had already ramadan frauen treffen discharged. Other reasons included the presence of visitors or if women were ramadan frauen treffen or not in the room. Table 1 shows that there were some differences between the groups of fasting and non-fasting women. Women who fasted during pregnancy were significantly younger, less educated and more likely to wear a veil during the interview.